The Body

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Undergraduate and Phd students are invited to attend this class. General knowledge of Greek literature and history is required.


The body - in particular, the male body - represents one of the main artistic expressions of Greek art, from the Geometric to the late Hellenistic period. The analysis of diversified typologies and the investigation of specific media (from the pottery to the sculpture, from the bronze sculpture to the glyptic) will allow to define lines of continuity and of rupture in the characterization of the body during the centuries, and modes of representation of the aletheia or veritas, according to Greek and Latin literary sources.

Educational aims

This class provides methodological approaches and instruments to contexualize objects and monuments from an art-historical point of view, from the Geomtric period to the Hellenism.

Bibliographical references

Adornato, G. 2007. “Sguardi letterari e giudizi d’arte. Lisippo e gli artisti dell’aletheia.” In Lo sguardo archeologico. I normalisti per Paul Zanker, edited by F. de Angelis, 3-18. Pisa: Edizioni della Normale

Adornato, G. 2008. “Delphic Enigmas? The Γέλας ἀνάσσων, Polyzalos and the Charioteer statue.” AJA 112:29–55

Adornato, G. 2015. "Aletheia/Veritas: The New Canon." In Power and Pathos: Bronze Sculpture of the Hellenistic Wolrd, edited by J. Daehner and K. Lapatin, 49-59. Los Angeles: Getty Publications

Adornato, G. 2018. "Kritios and Nesiotes as Revolutionary Artists? Ancient and Archaeological Perspectives on the So-called Severe Style Period." AJA 123:557-587

Bode, N. 2001. Der Krieger von Milet und der Krieger von Mozia. Studien zur frühklassischen Plastik ostionischen Stils. PhD diss., Bochum Universität

Bol, P.C. 1990. “Diadumenos.” In Polyklet. Der Bildhauer der griechischen Klassik, edited by H. Beck, P.C. Bol, M. Bückling, 206-212. Frankfurt am Main: Philipp von Zabern    

Bol, P.C. 2004a. “Der strenge Stil der frühen Klassik. Rundplastik.” In Die Geschichte der antiken Bildhauerkunst. II. Klassische Plastik, edited by P.C. Bol, 1-32. Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern

Bol, P.C. 2004b. “Die hohe Klassik. Die großen Meister.” In Die Geschichte der antiken Bildhauerkunst. II. Klassische Plastik, 123-143, Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern

Bol, R. 2005. “Der Torso von Milet und die Statue des Apollon Termintheus in Myus.” IstMitt 55:37-64

Borbein, A.H. 1985. “Kanon und Ideal. Kritische Aspekte der Hochklassik.” AM 100:253-270

Fehr, B. 1996. “Kouroi e korai. Formule e tipi dell’arte arcaica come espressione di valori.” In I Greci. Storia Cultura Arte Società. 2.1. Una storia greca. Formazione, edited by S. Settis, 785-843. Torino: Einaudi

Hurwit, J.M. 1989. “The Kritios Boy. Discovery, reconstruction, and Date.” AJA 93: 41-81

Karouzos, Ch. 1961. Aristodikos. Zur Geschichte der spätarchaisch-attischen Plastik und der Grabstatue. Stuttgart: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

Richter, G.M.A. 1960. Kouroi. Archaic Greek Youths. A Study of the Development of the Kouros Type in Greek Sculpture.London: Phaidon

Ridgway, B. 1970. The Severe Style in Greek Sculpture. Princeton: Princeton University Press

Smith, R.R.R. 2007. “Pindar, athletes, and the early Greek statue habit.” In Pindar’s Poetry, Patrons and Festivals. From Archaic Greece to the Roman Empire, edited by S. Hornblower and C. Morgan, 83-139. Oxford: Oxford University Press