The Identification with the "bad guys": narration and focalization

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The coutse is designed both for undergraduate students and for PhD students


After a theoretical introduction on focalization, the course will deal with the aesthetic experiece of negative empathy, analyzing it in the narrative strategies, and especially in the modern and modernist novel, compared with the focalization techniques of the movies 

Obiettivi formativi

The course will introduce students to the history and methodologies of comparative literature as critical approach, with a special emphasis on the categories of  reception and adaptation. It aims to have them actively read and compare texts belonging to different ages, cultures and genres, and  their adaptations in different media (performance, cinema, visual arts).

Riferimenti bibliografici

Dostoevskij, F. (2014), Memorie dal sottosuolo, Milano, Garzanti.

Céline L.F. (2022), Viaggio al termine della notte, Milano, Corbaccio.

Hitchcock, A. (1960), Psyco, Usa.

Gilligan, V. (2008), Breaking Bad, USA, AMC, 1° Episodio.


Fusillo, M. (2020). Focalization as Transmedial Category. Between10(20), 46-57.

Genette, G. (2003), Figure 3. Discorso del racconto, Torino, Einaudi.

Jahn, M., “More Aspects of Focalization: Refinements and Applications”, in: John Pier (ed.), GRAAT: Revue des Groupes de Recherches Anglo-Américaines de l’Université de Tours, 21 (1999): 85-110 Recent Trends in Narratological Research.

Mazzoni G. (2012), Teoria del romanzo, Bologna, Il Mulino.

Meneghelli D, (1998), Teorie del punto di vista, Firenze, La nuova Italia.