Introductory Quantum Physics (PhD)

Period of duration of course
‌‌
Course info
Number of course hours
40
Number of hours of lecturers of reference
30
Number of hours of supplementary teaching
10
CFU 6
‌‌

Type of exam

Oral exam

Prerequisites

For biophysics graduate students (the first 24 hours of lectures are the same as for the class Introductory quantum physics). Prerequisites are courses in calculus based university physics.

Programme

1. Introduction to quantum mechanics

Waves and particles. Wave-particle duality and uncertainty principle. Wave function. Schroedinger equation and stationary states. Expectation values. Examples: potential well and harmonic oscillator. Transition probability and selection rules.

2. Atomic physics

First atomic models and their shortcomings. Hydrogen atom: energy spectrum, angular momentum and eigenfunctions. Electron spin. Pauli exclusion principle. Helium atom, singlet and triplet states. Many-electron atoms, periodic system of  elements. Atomic spectroscopy.

3.Molecular physics

The ionized hydrogen molecule. The hydrogen molecule. Homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Polyatomic molecules. Molecular vibrations. Molecular Spectroscopy.

 

Educational aims

Become familiar with the basic concepts of quantum mechanics and learn how to make use of the Schroedinger equation. Use these tools for an elementary microscopic description of the properties of atoms and molecules.

Bibliographical references

Alonso-Finn: “Fundamental university physics, vol. 3: quantum and statistical physics” 

handouts will be provided 

Didattica integrativa

Introductory quantum physics: Practicals

Review of the physical-mathematical prerequisites for the course; exercises.