The course aims to analyze Spinoza's Political Treatise, highlighting the relations with its general philosophical system and focusing on the conncetions and the differences with contemporary political theories, starting with Hobbes. The course will take place in a seminar format through the reading and direct analysis of the text, with particular attention to Spinoza's philosophical and political lexicon.
This course aims to display the originality of Spinoza’s philosophy through a conceptual and terminological analysis. Moreover, it aims to underline the main differences between Spinoza’s conception of politics and those of major Renaissance thinkers such as Machiavelli. It will also focus on some differences between Renaissance philosophy and the Scientific Revolution, thus revising traditional conceptions of Modernity.