The Ennio De Giorgi Mathematical Research Center was established at the end of 2001 as a center of the Scuola Normale Superiore by the three university institutions of Pisa: the University of Pisa, the Scuola di Studi Superiore Sant'Anna and the Scuola Normale Superiore.
The Center is located in Palazzo Puteano, founded as a College in 1604 by Carlo Antonio Dal Pozzo, Archibishop of Pisa. The building is an integral part of Piazza dei Cavalieri, which was designed by Giorgio Vasari in 1561 for Cosimo I de' Medici.
The Center is named after Ennio De Giorgi, who was one of the most prominent figures in the Pisan mathematics revival which occurred in the second half of the last century.
Ennio De Giorgi was one of the greatest mathematicians of the last century. Born in Lecce in 1928, he attained a university degree in mathematics in Rome. After a brief stay in Messina, was called to the Scuola Normale in 1959, where he remained until his death on October 25, 1996.
De Giorgi left a profound impression on contemporary mathematics in many ways: in the problems he resolved, in the theories he elaborated, and in the large number of students he launched in research. He is noted for having resolved one of the problems formulated by David Hilbert in the early 1900's; for his contributions to the theory of minimal surfaces, and for having developed, in the 1970's, the innovative theory of Gamma Convergence, which provides a model for unifying many phenomena in mathematics and physics.
The Center intends:
- to gather Italian and foreign researchers, both junior and senior, with the idea of fostering collaboration and exchange of ideas, producing researchers specialized in interdisciplinary endeavours,
- to organize periods during which there will be a focus on a research area of particular relevance, including pure mathematics, applications in the natural and social sciences like physics, biology, finance and economics. These periods of specialization will bring together Italian and foreign scientists and will also provide an environment for the training of researchers from developing countries,
- to promote new ideas and research at the frontiers of interdisciplinary studies,
- to promote the formation of collaborative research nuclei,
to advance particular areas of mathematics, their application to the natural and social sciences, and their application to problems in the industrial and technological arena.