Open Access to publications

Open Access to publications

Open access to scientific information makes it possible to find publications and any other research results online, at no cost to the user and without legal or technical barriers.
Immagine anteprima
Open Access to publications
Immagine di testata
Open Access to publications

The Scuola Normale Superiore promotes free access to scientific knowledge, adopting the principle that publicly funded research is a common good and must be publicly available as declared in the Berlin Declaration and in the subsequent Messina Declaration signed by most Italian universities.

• More visibility and more citations.
• Verifiability of the shared results and reproducibility of the research.
• Acceleration of cognitive and learning processes.
• Greater return on investments and wider repercussions for the whole of society.

The open access methods  for disseminating the research results are filing in an open access archive or publication in an open access editorial office.


Authors deposit the permitted version of their work (preprint, postprint or editorial version) in an institutional (e.g. IRIS) or disciplinary (e.g. ArXiv) archive, based on the copyright policy of the chosen publishing location.
The publishers' policies regarding open access can be consulted in the database SHERPA/RoMEO.
Depositing in the open access archives is free and allows authors to choose their preferred publication location that is currently valid for career purposes.
The open access archives contribute to the online visibility of research results thanks to the adopted OAI-PMH protocol.


Gold Open Access

The search result is freely and immediately accessible at the time of publication.
The author is required to pay the Article Processing Charge - APC

Diamond Open Access

The search result is freely and immediately accessible at the time of publication. The production costs are covered by non-profit institutions (universities, research bodies) that deal with the entire editorial process and the author is not required to make any contribution.

To locate peer-reviewed open access journals of proven scientific quality, consult the Directory of Open Access Journals - DOAJ.
To locate scientific publishers who publish reputable peer-reviewed open access monographs, consult the Directory of Open Access Books - DOAB.

Open Research Europe

Open Research Europe (ORE) is the platform that the European Commission has made available to authors for the publication of the results of research projects funded under H2020 and Horizon Europe. Submissions of unfunded articles are not permitted at this time. The publication costs of each article are borne by the Commission, at no cost to the authors.


SciPost is an online publishing portal managed by the non-profit SciPost Foundation, supported by organizations that use its publishing services (universities, national agencies, etc.). It publishes open access journals in the fields of Mathematics and Computer Science, Natural Sciences (Physics, Astronomy, Chemistry) and Social Sciences at no cost to end users or to authors and guaranteeing a rigorous peer review process. SciPost content is indexed in Web of Science, Google Scholar and INSPIRE.

Hybrid journals

Hybrid journals are “traditional” subscription journals that offer the possibility, for a fee, of making an individual article open (open choice): the journal therefore contains both open access articles and articles for which a subscription is required.

Transformative contracts

Transformative contracts represent a new model of contract between universities and some of the leading international scientific publishers. These contracts regulate both access to electronic journals and the open access publication of articles by affiliated authors and are also defined as "Read and Publish" due to their composition in two instalments, one paid to read and the other to publish. The aim is the gradual shift from a traditional business model based only on subscriptions to read content to one that supports the publication of open access articles.

Through the stipulation of this type of contract, which is in itself "transitory" for the aforementioned reasons, the SNS will no longer pay publishers solely to access the contents, but also to allow affiliated researchers (that is, the corresponding authors) to publish their own open access works in "hybrid" journals (subscription journals in which only some of the articles are open access) of the same publishers, making them permanently available to all.

These contracts do not envisage a pre-established distribution of the APCs to publish in open access among the member institutions. The APCs are used up progressively until the number available nationally is exhausted.

All researchers of the SNS (professors, researchers, research fellows, PhDs, etc.) who are corresponding authors of the articles proposed for publication and who have a formal relationship with the SNS can publish in open access in the context of signed transformative contracts.

The corresponding author is the author who is responsible for submitting the article and following the entire publication process, authorized to act as a contact with the publisher on behalf of any co-authors.

The Creative Commons CC-BY license is generally applied to articles published with open access, as part of the signed transformative contracts (with the exception of some individual titles that require a CC BY NC license), and the copyright remains with the author.

Authors wishing to publish in a hybrid journal not included in a transformative contract are advised not to pay any APCs requested by the publisher but to self-archive the permitted version of their work in an open access institutional or disciplinary archive, verifying the publisher's policy relating to open access to the SHERPA/RoMEO database or by contacting the Research Assessment and Open Science Service (

The workflow envisaged by the various publishers for the corresponding author for open access publication has some common characteristics.

Affiliation: the corresponding author's affiliation mechanism with their own institution is activated within the platform set up by the publisher for managing the submission, review and acceptance process of the articles by entering the SNS and their institutional email address in their own profile (@ 

Acceptance of agreement: once the peer review phase has been completed, the publisher notifies the corresponding author that an agreement has been stipulated with the SNS thanks to which it is possible to publish the article with open access without incurring any additional cost and the latter is therefore invited to choose whether or not to agree to the proposal.

Choice of license: in the case of acceptance, the corresponding author, through the platform specially prepared by the publisher, is guided in the choice of the license that will be applied to the open access publication of his article, usually a CC BY license.

Validation of the article: the publisher, through the CRUI or thanks to the automatic notifications of its platform, sends to the approval managers of the SNS (the technical contacts of the library who manage the contract) a request for confirmation and validation of the affiliation in order to proceed with the publication of the article.

Publication of the article: the publisher sends the corresponding author a confirmation of the open access publication of the article.

The publishers with whom, to date, transformative contracts are stipulated are:

American Chemical Society (ACS)
Cambridge University Press (CUP)
De Gruyter
Springer Nature

Go to detailed information regarding the contracts of the various publishers.


Finally, it is possible to publish with open access in some peer-reviewed journals of Particle Physics thanks to the SCOAP3 project, which the Scuola Normale Superiore has joined. The costs of open access publication are borne by the universities and research institutions participating in the project. There is no defined number of APCs: authors affiliated with the universities and participating institutions can publish with open access without limitations and at no cost.


The Scuola Normale Superiore has decided to set up an Open Access Publishing Fund.
Requirements to access the fund: 

  • The journal in which the author / author requesting the contribution publishes must be indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) or, if recent, must meet the criteria of DOAJ, in order to avoid the so-called "predatory magazines". 
  • The text must be immediately available online after publication and be deposited in the SNS Institutional research repository (IRIS). 
  • The author requesting the contribution must be the corresponding author and  must specify the affiliation to the SNS when submitting the text to the chosen journal;
  • The article to be published must not be the result of research funded by competitive calls which provide for the reporting of publication costs.

Maximum contribution: 

  • € 2,000 for PhD students and fellows; 
  • € 1,600 for University researchers, RTD-A and RTD-B; 
  • € 1,200 for full professors and associates. 

Any excess of the cost of the APC compared to the maximum guaranteed will be borne by the research funds available to the author or the co-author, which must be declared in the request.
To request the contribution it is first necessary to contact your “Struttura Tecnico Gestionale” - STG (or, for research fellows and PhD students, to your tutor's STG) and fill in the STG PURCHASE FORM, item “Publishing services”.
The contribution of the Scuola Normale must be highlighted in the acknowledgments of the text (for example with the sentence: "This work was supported by the Open Access Publishing Fund of the Scuola Normale Superiore"). 
In the first trial phase, requests will be processed in chronological order of presentation, until the Fund is exhausted.

Piano nazionale per la Scienza Aperta
Sherpa Romeo


Servizio Valutazione della ricerca e Open Science


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