Institutionalizing violence. Strategies of Jihad in Egypt

Relatori e Relatrici

    Jerome Drevon
    Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva

Jerome Drevon, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
Institutionalizing violence. Strategies of Jihad in Egypt

Abstract
The Egyptian al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya and Islamic Jihad have shaped the trajectory of jihadi salafism since its inception and defined a key strategic divide between mass-movement mobilization and elitist avant-gardism. Despite their shared histories, however, al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya rejected al-Qaeda's transnational violence and became a political party after 2011, whereas Islamic Jihad has formed the backbone of Osama bin Laden's organization.
These strategic divergences are puzzling since these groups emerged in the same country around congruent ideologies. Institutionalizing Violence develops an institutional approach to radicalization to compare the two groups' comparative trajectories. It is based on extensive field research conducted with their leaders and members in Egypt. The interviews provide a unique perspective on how jihadi groups make and implement new strategic decisions in changing environments, as well as the evolution of their approaches to violence and non-violence.